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    STUDIA THEOLOGIA CATHOLICA LATINA - Ediţia nr.1 din 2001  

Autori:  .
  Rezumat:  The Vatican II Council constituted a transitionfrom a time when it was thought enough to conserve Christian values to the realisation of thefact, that Christianity had to turn back to the missionary, apostolic life. The three tasks of theCouncil, as formulated by Pope John XXIII., were the renewal of the Church, the callingaddressed to separated Christians to return to the Church, and the dialogue with the world.The basis of the process of renewal was the new, biblical understanding of theChurch. The Church was seen again as a mystery of communion, body of Christ, sacrament,people of God, although it seems the idea of fraternity among members was not stressedenough. The Church rediscovered its universal dimension and responsibility for the world, forits peace, as well as the importance of re-evaluating the charisms.Liturgical reform expressed this new self-understanding. Liturgy became an act of thewhole community, a celebration of God present in the Sacrament but also in the Word. Itbecame clear that liturgy had to be adapted to the different cultural traditions.The Council was in its essence an ecumenical sign. This was shown not only by thedocument concerning ecumenism, but also by its entire work and spirit.The openness towards contemporary world was expressed by the high value put onhuman rights and religious liberty, the ability of initiating a dialogue with other ideological andpolitical systems, non-Christian religions.The Council was one of queries and understanding, that gave less possibilities to actand make practical decisions. Karl Rahner mentionned in 1967 that the most importantquestions discussed were those only peripherical touched: the role of God, of Christ, of theChurch in the life of today’s human person. That is how can someone be a person of thepresent and of the future, and fully Christian in the same time.  
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