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    STUDIA THEOLOGIA CATHOLICA LATINA - Ediţia nr.1 din 2000  

  Rezumat:  The millenialism is a teaching that implies the physical, material realization of the Kingdom of God on Earth, through Christ’s reign. This reign would last for one thousand years. The 144,000 elected would resurrect and return to their homes, to their families, to their work. This is the material form of millenialism. The mitigated form does not insist on the earthly state and way of life, but it proclaims the return of Jesus before the last judgement. Millenialism is in fact the interpretation of the Apocalypse, chapter 20, 1-7. It is not a recent teaching, since the Fathers of the Church were already dealing with this subject in the very first centuries. Augustine counted the beginning of the millenium from the incarnation of Christ, an event that bounded evil. Contrary to what one would think, the Church never condemned millenialism. For a long while the problem of millenialism was looked at as taboo. Today many sects predict the return of Jesus and the end of the world, some others claim to know the beginning of the millenium. All these sects are linked to the New Age that predicts the return of Jesus in the XXI. century. To answer this challenge, an emphasis has to be placed on the structure of this passage that consists of four parts. These parts regard the first death, the first resurrection, the second resurrection and the second death. Many interpretations have been given to this text. One possible interpretation understands the first death as the physical, personal death; the first resurrection is the resurrection of the just (martyrs, virgins and those having a special love for the eucharist); the second resurrection is the general resurrection before the last judgement, and the second death is the eternal death of hell. It is important to understand that, if we look at this passage as a drama in four acts, it is not the length of the period between the parts that is important, but the parts themselves that carry the real message. Thus it seems that millenialism is not a real challenge, because we should focus on the events described in this text, and not on the time of the millenium.  
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