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    STUDIA OECONOMICA - Issue no. 3 / 2022  
         
  Article:   GOVERNMENT EDUCATIONAL SPENDING AND HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT IN ECOWAS SUB-REGION: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

Authors:  EMMANUEL OLOKE, WAHID DAMILOLA OLANIPEKUN, OLADOTUN TORIOLA MABINUORI, LUCAS B. OJO, TIMOTHY AYOMITUNDE ADEREMI.
 
       
         
  Abstract:  DOI: 10.2478/subboec-2022-0014

Published Online: 2022-12-29
Published Print: 2022-12-30
pp. 37-52

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Abstract: The critical need to create economic prosperity and ensure inclusive and equitable education and lifelong learning for all, especially in developing countries has been the motivation behind the various advocacies by the policymakers and other stakeholders in these countries to achieve the SDGs comes 2030. Meanwhile, ECOWAS sub region is characterized with the lowest human capital development alongside the highest rates of illiteracy in the world despite the continuous rise in government educational spending over the years. Against this backdrop, the role of government educational spending on human capital development in ECOWAS sub-region has been investigated with a view to driving one of the strategic goals of Sustainable Development- inclusive and equitable education and lifelong learning for all. In order to achieve this, annual data from 1990 to 2019 was utilized using a panel ARDL as a technique of estimation. The findings that emerged in this work are summarized as follows; the relationship between government educational spending and human capital development in ECOWAS sub region is more of a long run phenomenon. Therefore, government educational spending and human capital development have a positive and significant relationship in the long run. In the light of the above findings, this study therefore makes the following recommendations for the policymakers in ECOWAS sub region and by extension developing countries, any time the goal of these policymakers is inclusive and equitable lifelong learning via human capital development, the government at levels should embark on sustainable educational spending. In the same vein, these policymakers should be committed to funding of educational sector as stipulated by both the United Nations and the Abuja declaration of 2001, advocating for 26% of annual budget for educational sector in developing countries.

JEL classification: H51, H52, J24, F63, I32, O15, C32

Keywords: Human Capital, Development, Government Educational Spending, ECOWAS, SDGs
 
         
     
         
         
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