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    STUDIA BIOLOGIA - Issue no. 1 / 2006  
         
  Article:   THE EFFECT OF IRRIGATION ON THE ENZYMATIC ACTIVITIES IN A BROWN LUVIC SOIL.

Authors:  ALINA DORA SAMUEL, MIHAI DRĂGAN-BULARDA, CORNEL DOMUŢA.
 
       
         
  Abstract:  We have determined five enzymatic activities (actual and potential dehydrogenase, catalase, acid and alkaline phosphatase) and one nonenzymatic catalytic activity (H2O2 splitting in autoclaved samples) in the 010, 1020 and 2030cm layers of a brown luvic soil submitted to a complex irrigation and crop rotation (2 and 3crop rotations) experiment. Each activity in both non-irrigated and irrigated soil under wheat and maize crops was significantly higher in the intermediate layer than in the upper, respectively deeper layers. Non-irrigation in comparison with irrigation resulted in significantly higher soil phosphatase activities in the 010, 1020 and 2030cm layers, whereas dehydrogenase and catalase activities were significantly higher in irrigated soil. The soil under wheat or maize was more enzyme-active in the 3 than in the 2crop rotation and in the monoculture. In the monoculture and in the 2crop rotation, higher enzymatic activities were registered under wheat than under maize. In the 3crop rotation, higher enzymatic activities were recorded maize under wheat. The enzymatic indicators of soil quality decreased depending on the nature of crops and kind of irrigation in the following order: maize (3crop rotation) > wheat (3crop rotation) > wheat (2crop rotation) > maize (2crop rotation) > wheat (monoculture) > maize (monoculture).  
         
     
         
         
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