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    STUDIA GEOGRAPHIA - Issue no. 1 / 2010  

Authors:  GRIGOR P. POP.

The Parliamentary Elections in Romania (November 30, 2008). This paper analyzes the essential aspects regarding the development and the results of the elections for the Romanian Parliament (the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate), for the legislative period 2008-2012. Many political parties, alliances, unions and independents took part in this action, with a low turnout (only 39.20% of the total of 18,462,274 listed voters). Because of the general electoral threshold of 5% and 8% for alliances, only two parties, the Democratic Liberal Party (DLP) and National Liberal Party (NLP), one alliance, the Social Democratic Party + the Conservative Party (SDP + CP) and a union, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (DUHR), succeeded to enter the Parliament. Out of the total of 6,886,794 valid votes, the political alliance SDP + CP obtained 33.10% for the Chamber of Deputies and 34.16% for the Senate, then, in decreasing order, DLP had 32.36% and 33.57%, NLP 18.57% and 18.74% and DUHR had 6.17% and 6.39% (table 1). Due to the results obtained and the redistribution of the votes received by the parties who had less than 5%, the first two parties eventually had an almost identical number of deputies and senators: 115 and 51 DLP, 114 and 49 SDP + CP, then NLP is represented by 65 deputies and 28 senators, and DUHR by 22 deputies and 9 senators. As for the Chamber of Deputies, it must be highlighted that a number of 18 deputies representing the organizations of national minorities, are added, according to the Electoral Law, to the 316 MPs of the above-mentioned parties, so the total number is 334 deputies. On the other hand, it should be mentioned that the Romanian Senate is made up by 137 MPs, so that the reunited chambers of the Parliament had a total of 471 legislators, whose territorial distribution is underlined in the tables of this paper.


Keywords: Parliamentary elections, November 2008, deputies, senators, DLP, SDP + CP, NLP, DUHR, territorial distribution, counties, geographical-historical provinces.

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